A product manufactured in Indonesia, which contains, for example, Australian parts, could be subject to tariffs elsewhere in the ASEAN Free Trade Area. Chinese President Xi pledges to strengthen trade agreements and imports by referring to technical measures such as sanitation (for the protection of human and animal health) and phytosanitary (for the protection of plant health) or SPS and technical barriers to trade (TBT) that refer to environmental and sustainable standards aimed at blocking or slowing down trade instead of rights. customs or regular customs duties. While China already has a number of bilateral trade agreements, this is the first time it has signed a regional multilateral trade pact. “The economic benefits of the agreement may be marginal for Southeast Asia, but there are some interesting trade and customs dynamics that need attention to pay attention to in Northeast Asia,” said Nick Marro of the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). In the longer term, Li called the agreement a “victory for multilateralism and free trade.” The deal excludes the United States, which withdrew in 2017 from a rival Asia-Pacific trade pact. The fourth round, launched in October 2007, was to be concluded by the Third Council of Ministers in October 2009. This round aims to extend preference coverage to at least 50% of each member`s number of customs lines and at least 20-25% of the value of bilateral trade. In addition, a customs concession of at least 50% (on average) should be granted.
The fourth round of negotiations will focus on areas that go beyond traditional tariff concessions to deepen trade cooperation and integration. APTA members are currently negotiating three framework agreements on trade facilitation, trade in services and investment. In addition, APTA members exchange information on non-tariff measures. RCEP strives to conclude a modern and comprehensive trade agreement among members. . . .